COMET Webinar: Dr Philip Benson (University of Portsmouth). 9th March 2022
C.S.Watson at leeds.ac.uk
Thu Feb 24 11:27:30 UTC 2022
COMET (The Centre for Observation and Modelling of Earthquakes, Volcanoes, and Tectonics) invites you to the next instalment of our COMET webinar series, viewable from the home office.
The origin of stress- and fluid- driven seismicity in volcanic settings: a laboratory perspective
Dr Philip Benson (University of Portsmouth)
Wednesday 9th March 2022 at 4pm UK time (4pm UTC / 5pm CET / 8am PST)
Please register at: https://universityofleeds.zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_n0PqDx2vQNC23vpWeuImaw
(After registering, you will receive a confirmation email containing information on how to join the webinar)
Seismicity has long been used to monitor volcanoes and active volcanic areas. In these regions, rising magma stresses the overlying rock to open (or reopen) conduits for fluid and gas flow. The fracturing and ensuing fluid-flow generates a range of seismicity frequently characterised by their spectral properties. These include Volcano-Tectonic (VT) events generated by rock fracture, Long Period (LP) seismicity generally interpreted as indicators of fluid migration, and Hybrid events characterized by a high frequency (VT-like) onset and low frequency (LP-like) coda.
In many cases these data are reliable precursors to eruptions after extended repose (volcanoes that have been quiet for 100 years or more), and are frequently detected weeks or months before an eruption. For some years the detection of LP events was heralded as a new and more accurate forecasting (warning) method directly linked to fluid movement; however, this has proven inconclusive.
To decipher these signals, and better constrain their physical generation mechanisms, laboratory rock physics experiments simulating these different seismic sequences have been developed. Here, I present data from triaxial rock deformation experiments collected over ~15 years and from a range of rock types and pressure/temperature conditions. Collectively, they suggest that Hybrid events are more likely to be generated when fluid is present, and that LP events are enhanced by elevated temperature conditions due to localized fluid phase change. However, recently published work has now also shown that a common low-cohesion volcanic sediment from Campi Flegrei caldera (Italy) produces Long Period and low frequency seismicity whilst undergoing deformation in dry conditions rather than solely fluid-saturated conditions, with implications for interpreting upper edifice stability and hazard from seismic sequences.
Catch up on past COMET and COMET+ webinars on our YouTube page: https:/www.youtube.com/channel/UCtFDytX1hgjvlS4NH48M2oQ/video<https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCtFDytX1hgjvlS4NH48M2oQ/videos>
Scott Watson & Tamarah King
COMET - Centre for the Observation and Modelling of Earthquakes, Volcanoes and Tectonics
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